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Historical significance

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Haenggung is a temporary palace where a king stays at the time of wonhaeng (long journey) in a local area and can be divided into three types.
The first type is a refuge in time of emergencies where the king can continue to take care of national affairs. Examples are Ganghwa Haenggung, Uiju Haenggung, and Gwangjubu Haenggung within Namhansanseong Fortress. The second type is resting and Onyang Haenggung, where many kings went after since King Sejong, falls into this category.

The third type a palace for the king to worship royal tombs in local areas, and Hwaseong Haenggung falls in this category. King Jeongjo exhumed his father's tomb and buried in Hyeonryungwon and constructed a new town and castles. Between 1790 and 1795, King Jeongjo built Gwacheon Haenggung, Anyang Haenggung, Sageuncham Haenggung, Siheung Haenggung, Ansan Haenggung, and Hwaseong Haenggung on the major routes from Seoul to Suwon. Among these, Hwaseong Haenggung is regarded as the best in size and functions.

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